Armadale & District War Memorial Association

Registered Scottish Charity No. SC044493

Archibald Gardener

Military Cross

Captain Archibald Gardener

6th Cameron Highlanders

Attached 45th Trench Mortar Battery


MC. (LG 27/07/1916)

For conspicuous gallantry and determination. The enemy opened a violent bombardment on his battery, burying guns and gunners. When the hostile infantry advanced he, with his soldier servant, opened fire, and continued to work one gun for five hours continuously. The gun had to be dug out three times. The emplacement was obliterated, and he and his servant were under fire of all kinds the whole time.


Archibald resided in Armadale, and he was a Teacher at Armadale Public School.

Archibald was a Native of Airdrie.



Archie enlisted in November 1914 as a Private in the 8th Cameron Highlanders, he was later promoted 2nd Lieutenant in April 1915. He was attached from the 8th Cameron’s to his Brigade Trench Mortar Battery shortly after his promotion to Lieutenant.


Medal entitlement of Captain Archibald Gardener

Military Cross

1915 Star

British War Medal

Victory Medal



Hugh McKee

Military Cross & Bar

Captain Hugh McKee

7th/8th Kings Own Scottish Borderers


MC. (LG 26/09/1917)

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Having gone into action as Battalion Signalling Officer, he found that all the company commanders and senior 'officers had become casualties, whereupon he went forward and took command of the situation. His skill in selecting the best position for trenches and in pushing on the work, and his cheery tenacity in holding on to his position through a counter-attack on the following day, enabled the battalion to secure and hold its objective. He moved about the line continually under heavy shell and machine gun fire, and whenever the situation became critical, saved it by his gallant personal example and able handling of the troops under his command.


Bar (LG 01/02/1919)

For conspicuous gallantry during a raid on the enemy trenches near Hulloch on 17th.September 1918. In face of intense machine-gun fire he led a small party to the final objective, a trench about 900 yards from the front line. "With his party reduced from twelve to four men, "he attacked a much stronger enemy party, and inflicted casualties before the order to withdraw was given. It was entirely due to his fearless leadership that this portion of the raiders reached the final objective.


Hugh was employed by United Collieries at Southrigg Colliery, and he was well known in and around Blackridge.

Hugh served with the 13th Royal Scots as a Sergeant and a Colour Sergeant, he arrived in France on the 10th July 1915. He was later commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 7th / 8th Kings Own Scottish Borderers.


Medal entitlement of Captain Hugh McKee

Military Cross & Bar

1915 Star

British War Medal

Victory Medal



David McKelvie

Military Cross & Mention in Dispatches

Lieutenant David McKelvie

Royal Engineers


MC. (LG 00/01/1916)

For the admirable manner in which he carried out the arduous and dangerous work of laying four mines under the German trenches, south of hooge. The long period of delay in exploding the mines placed a very heavy strain on those concerned, but due to the keenness and vigilance the operation was an unqualified success, and the success of yesterdays (25th September, 1915) operations was greatly due to the work so admirably performed.


MiD. (LG 13/01/1916)


It was while at Loos in September 1915 he gained his military cross for especially successful work in cutting and firing mines in enemy territory.


David McKelvie was a native of Glasgow, but who for six years prior to enlisting he was surveyor of mines for the united Collieries Company Armadale District. He enlisted in September 1914 with the 9th (Glasgow Highlanders) Highland Light Infantry, and he went to France in November 1914.


Whilst in France during February 1915 he earned great distinction in connection with his conducting mining operations, a big feature of trench warfare. Due to his background as a Mining Engineer, he was transferred to the Royal Engineers with the rank of Lieutenant.


2nd Lt. David McKelvie MC relinquished his command on account of ill health and was granted the honorary rank of 2nd Lt. 9th June 1916.


David received his discharge from the Army and he became the manager of Uddingston Colliery. He contracted a chill, and this was followed by an attack of double pneumonia. He succumbed after a few days illness.


Prior to enlisting David was employed as principal surveyor at the United Collieries, Armadale District, he appears on The United Collieries Limited, active service roll 1914-19, this shows him as being employed at Bathville Colliery.


Medal entitlement of Lieutenant David McKelvie

Military Cross

1914 Star

British War Medal

Victory Medal & Oak leaf spray (emblem for MiD)



William Russell Paterson

Military Cross & Twice Mentioned in Dispatches.

Rev. William Russell Paterson, M.A.

Army Chaplains Department

Attached 12th Field Hospital, 5th Cav Brigade


MiD. (LG 01/01/1916)


MC. (LG 27/10/1917)

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When several casualties were caused by shell fire on a road, he at once assisted in removing the wounded and dressing their wounds. Whilst he was doing so a further burst of shelling wounded two more men, and by his promptness in dealing with the situation he prevented further casualties. He saved at least one life, and showed splendid devotion to duty and self-sacrifice.


MiD. (LG 24/12/1917)



The Rev W R Paterson was a minister at Armadale United Free Church for 12 years before accepting a commission as Army Chaplain to the Scots Greys, with who he had served as Chaplain during the South African War (see picture above), his first station being at the Curragh Camp, Ireland.


An earnest worker, Mr Paterson held strong views on the South African War, and when he volunteered his services as Chaplain, one of the greatest demonstrations ever seen in Armadale or given to a single man in the history of the town, was witnessed on the evening he left to embark for South Africa. He was conveyed to the Station by practically the whole of the townspeople, headed by the brass band. He made a stirring speech to the crowd at the station that raised their greatest enthusiasm. When the train moved off, the surging mass of people that surrounded the train to cheer Mr Paterson off was so great that the guard was unable to get into his van, and the train went off without him.


Rev Paterson carried the first message from Field Marshall Lord Roberts into Pretoria, and during the Great War he was mentioned twice in dispatches.



Medal entitlement of Chaplain William Paterson

Military Cross

Queens South Africa Medal

1914 Star

British War Medal

Victory Medal & Oak leaf spray (emblem for MiD)



William Martin Smith

Military Cross

Lieutenant William Martin Smith

Canadian Infantry

Manitoba Regiment


MC. (LG 13/05/1918)

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in a raid on the enemy’s trenches. When the raiding party came under heavy machine-gun fire from a flank he at once collected a few men and led them in an attack on the gun. His men killed the whole gun team, and he personally put the gun out of action. He showed splendid initiative and determination.



West Lothian Courier 5th April 1915


The deed that earned William Smith the Military Cross


A German machine gun had been causing a lot of casualties and trouble in the sector which was under the charge of Lt Smith.

William asked for volunteers to accompany him on a midnight venture to get the gun. Volunteers were many more than enough, he selected eight and in the darkness he, with his men, crept to where the guns were located.

All went well, until just when the German’s were about to get the surprise of their lives, the moon played against the Canadians, to use William’s own words it was “the moon played a dirty trick”, it shone forth through a break in the cloud and illuminated the Canadians. The nine men found themselves facing 40 Germans.  

The Canadians at once bombed the enemy, and with such a success that all were killed or captured, and the machine gun was also safely secured.

Several of the Canadians got slight wounds, but none of them were serious.


At the time of his MC action William had been in France for about 3 years and 4 months. He had been wounded three times, but none were serious.


William was the eldest son of Ex-Provost Robert and Williamina Smith, Gladstone Terrace, Armadale.


William’s parents resided Armadale, Williams was born at his Grandmothers in Whitburn and resided in Armadale until he left for Canada in around 1912.


Medal entitlement of Lieutenant William Smith

Military Cross

1915 Star

British War Medal

Victory Medal